Desrizal Blog
Home Entertainment Lifestyle Science Techno Economy News        > Economy > Purpose and Definition of HRM by Different Authors

Purpose and Definition of HRM by Different Authors

Purpose and Definition of HRM by Different Authors
Economy - -
Resource, in its organizational context, is defined as ‘anything that could be thought of as a strength or weakness of a given firm’ including tangible and intangible assets (Wernerfelt, 1984: 172). There are three main organizational resources: human resources, financial resources and technological resources.

The term human resource management has been subject to considerable scrutiny and its philosophy and character has been the focus of continuous debate, and a widely accepted definition does not exists, however, below are some definitions of HRM from its early years to date which can be useful in capturing a glimpse of its philosophy and use:

The purpose of HRM is to ensure that the employees of an organization are used in such a way that the employer obtains the greatest possible benefit from their abilities and the employees obtain both material and psychological rewards from their work (Graham, 1978).

Definition of HRM

“HRM is a distinctive approach to employment management which seeks to achieve competitive advantage through the strategic deployment of a highly committed and capable workforce, using an array of cultural, structural and personnel techniques.” Storey (1995: 5).

“HRM is a managerial perspective which argues the need to establish an integrated series of personnel policies to support organizational strategy.” Buchanan and Huczynski (2004: 679).

“HRM is a strategic approach to managing employment relations which emphasizes that leveraging people’s capabilities is critical to achieving competitive advantage, this being achieved through a distinctive set of integrated employment policies, programmes and practices.” Bratton and Gold (2007: 7). Although there is no consensus on the definition or the characteristics of HRM it can be seen from the above definitions that HRM is a combination of people-oriented management practices that views employees as assets, not costs; and its main aim is to create and maintain a skilful and committed workforce to gain competitive advantage.

The differences in the interpretation of HRM have created two different schools of thought: soft and hard variants of HRM (Storey, 1992). Soft and hard HRM are also often defined as two main models of HRM. Soft HRM focuses on employee training, development, commitment and participation. It is used to define HR functions aimed to develop motivation, quality and commitment of employees; hard HRM, on the other hand, concentrates mostly on strategy where human resources are used to achieve organisational goals. It is also associated with cost control and head count strategies, especially in business processes like downsizing, lowering the wages, shortening comfort breaks, etc. (Beardwell and Claydon, 2007).

tag: Definition of hrm pdf, Definition of hrm ppt

This article was written by Desy in 07:05 10 December 2012 | read 20906 times by readers

If you think the article of Purpose and Definition of HRM by Different Authors is interesting, please share use:

Another articles related to Purpose and Definition of HRM by Different Authors

Management roles Management roles
One of the most important pieces of research into the job of a manager comes from Henry Mintzberg. He is a Canadian academic and researcher who has studied management for years. He believes that a manager’s work is never really done!
Project KickOff Meeting Project KickOff Meeting
Holding a good kick-off meeting is an efficient way to commence. A kick-off meeting is a meeting held at the beginning of a project but not until the first tasks of the initial phase are completed.
The Project Management Process, Step by Step The Project Management Process, Step by Step
Now that we’ve overviewed the process, let’s circle back and break it down into steps. I recommend an approach that follows the four-phase model described above, but provides for additional detail in the areas of requirements gathering, project definition, risk management, and stakeholder management.
desrizal blog


Contact :
Desrizal, email:

Copyright (c) 2012 by Desrizal